Artificial intelligence (AI) systems bear many opportunities for the European economy and society. They also raise significant challenges for the European Union, whether in terms of its capacity to innovate – and, therefore, be competitive in this domain at the international level – or in terms of its capacity to protect European citizens from the risks these technologies may entail for their rights and liberties. When it comes to regulation, those challenges are particularly vivid. Those technologies, just like their use cases, are diverse, evolutionary, and unpredictable.
In this perspective, the European Commission led by Ursula von der Leyen has started working on ways to support the development of artificial intelligence systems in the European Union. This contribution relates to the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council laying down harmonised rules on artificial intelligence (Artificial Intelligence Act) and amending certain Union legislative acts, presented on 21 April 2021.
It was cowritten by think tank Renaissance Numérique and the Chair on the Legal and Regulatory Implications of AI of Grenoble Alpes University’s Multidisciplinary Institute for Artificial Intelligence (MIAI). It is in line with previous contributions by the co-signatories on the European Commission’s White Paper on Artificial Intelligence. It also follows the co-organisation of a seminar by Renaissance Numérique, the Chair on the Legal and Regulatory Implications of AI, and Facebook, on 10 June 2021. This event aimed at questioning the relevance of the proposed regulation on artificial intelligence and its quest for a certain balance. This report draws on the many ideas and opinions expressed during the seminar.